“Those who fail to learn from history are doomed to repeat it.” Those famous words couldn’t be more true in aviation.
Most fatal accidents happened in 70s, with a lot of investigations and improvements in aircrafts systems and rules, comparatively fatal ones have decreased.
Here are 5 reasons why plane crashes happen:
1. Pilot error :
The proportion of crashes caused by pilot error now stands at around 50 per cent.
Aircraft are complex machines that require a lot of management. Because pilots actively engage with the aircraft at every stage of a flight, there are numerous opportunities for this to go wrong, from failing to programme the vital flight-management computer (FMC) correctly to miscalculating the required fuel uplift
Bad weather accounts for around 10 per cent of aircraft losses.Despite a plethora of electronic aids like gyroscopic compasses, satellite navigation and weather data uplinks, aircraft still founder in storms, snow and fog.
3. Mechanical failure:
Equipment failures still account for around 20 per cent of aircraft losses.While engines are significantly more reliable today than they were half a century ago, they still occasionally suffer catastrophic failures.
About 10 per cent of aircraft losses are caused by sabotage.As with lightning strikes, the risk posed by sabotage is much less than many people seem to believe. Nevertheless, there have been numerous spectacular and shocking attacks by saboteurs.
5. Other forms of human error
The remaining losses are attributed to other types of human error, like mistakes made by air traffic controllers, dispatchers, loaders, fuellers or maintenance engineers.